Citrulline Malate –
Citrulline is an amino acid that is derived from the amino acid ornithine and found naturally in food. There is a process in the body called the urea cycle, which is the body’s way of eliminating the excess nitrogen wastes that is produced during exercise that leads to fatigue. This process produces citrulline. Due to this, Citrulline is often supplemented to help facilitate this process to allow for better workouts. Most supplements use Citrulline Malate, because malic acid also helps convert lactic acid formed in tired muscles back into energy. In addition to this, the body uses citrulline to produce the amino acid l-arginine, which assists in creating nitric oxide in the muscles, or rather “pump”.
Beta-Alanine is an amino acid that is produced naturally by the body. Beta-Alanine is then converted by the body in to many different chemicals that can affect muscles. Most notably however, it significantly increases the amount of carnosine in the muscles. Carnosine is a power antioxidant that cleanses the muscles during intense workout and can prevent the buildup up chemicals produced that result in muscle fatigue. In other words, Beta-Alanine can significantly increase workout endurance. When supplementing Beta-Alanine, one of the side effects is an intense tingling sensation on the skin all over the body. This is completely harmless, but bothersome to some people, so it’s worth noting when using products containing beta-alanine.
Creatine Monohydrate –
Creatine is a chemical that is found naturally in the body, and in some animal sources. Monohydrate refers to the fact that for every gram of Creatine the body holds onto, it also retains a gram of water. The body can store large amounts of Creatine in the muscles, and the more muscle you have the more you can hold. Once you stop supplementing however, the body releases the Creatine and excess water. Creatine is most commonly supplemented by athletes to increase strength and muscle mass. Creatine is essential for protein synthesis, the primary way the body creates muscle from proteins and amino acids. Creatine is one of the oldest and most proven effective fitness supplements uses by bodybuilders, and yet one of the safest with no discernable side effects except the excess water retention.
Betaine Anhydrous –
Betaine Anhydrous is an amino acid that is naturally produced in the body or found in some foods such as beets or seafood. Betaine in the body can be synthesized to assist in many different physiological purposes. Traditionally it has been used to help treat heart disease, but studies have shown that Betaine may be very helpful in for athletes looking to increase muscle mass by assisting with the process of protein synthesis. It does this when it synthesizes with the amino acid homocysteine, the result is the methionine, which plays an important role in muscle protein synthesis
Caffeine Anhyrdrous –
Caffeine is the one ingredient that everyone knows, but there are a few things in regards to health that everyone should be aware of. Caffeine Anhydrous, meaning caffeine without water, is a chemical stimulant naturally found in plants such as tea and coffee beans. It acts as a stimulant and affects the central nervous system, heart and muscles. By stimulating these systems it can increase energy, focus, alertness and reaction time. It’s also often used medically to treat a variety of different health problems, such as migraines. An 8oz. cup of coffee contains roughly 70-100mg of caffeine, though most supplements contain 200mg or more. There are few risks associated with caffeine, but overdosing can cause tremors, nervousness, headaches and even chest pain.
L-Arginine Nitrate –
L-Arginine Nitrate is a chemical compound consisting of the amino acid L-Arginine chemically bonded to the chemical nitrate. Together the assist in the body’s natural creation of nitric oxide in the muscles, resulting in improved blood flow, strength and the “pumped” feeling. L-Arginine is the primary amino acid responsible for N.O. creation, and by pairing it with nitrate not only does it enhance the effect and make it stronger, but it also last significantly longer. The improved blood flow also contributes to increases nutrient delivery as well as energy.
L-Glycine is an amino acid that has several important roles within the body. It’s necessary for the production of many different acids, including nucleic acids, bile acids, Creatine phosphate and porphyrins. In addition to this, glycine is involved in the regulation and support of many essential processes. It’s also very closely linked with the nervous system, and is necessary for maintaining normal brain function and emotions. Many fitness supplements include L-Glycine because the body is going through enormous changes and L-Glycine helps insure proper cell health during this time.
Agmatine Sulfate –
Agmatine Sulfate is a byproduct of the amino acid l-arginine. When arginine is broken down in the body it is converted into agmatine before being used. Thus by supplementing agmatine sulfate instead of, or with, arginine it can be utilized by the body much quicker and more efficiently. The benefits of the supplement are then the same as l-arginine, mainly nitric oxide production in the muscles. Agmatine creates an immediate pump of nitric oxide in the muscles that dramatically increases blood flow and strength. Along with this nutrients are moved to the muscles much more quickly, facilitating growth.
Beet Root Extract –
Beet Root is a root vegetable that is commonly found in cuisines around the world and is often used in medicine. Beet root extract is used because of its nitrate content, a chemical that may improve stamina, improve blood flood and lower blood pressure. It is often used by athletes to improved blood flow to the muscles. Not only does it have nitrates however, but beets also contain antioxidants and can provide relief from pain and inflammation. Beet root extract is often found powders or juices, but can be found in capsules as well.
Hawthorn Berry Powder –
Berries from the hawthorn plant are used as medicine in many cultures. Most often they are used to treat ailments of the heart, such as heart failure, irregular heartbeat, high and low blood pressure, and chest pain. Hawthorn can help improve the amount of blood pumped out of the heart during contractions, widen the blood vessels, and increase the transmission of nerve signals. This improved blood flow is often sought by athletes looking to raise their endurance during intense exercise. It also has valuable antioxidant properties that can ensure proper cell health during periods of growth.
L-Leucine is what is known as an essential branch chain amino acid, meaning that it is one of three branch chain amino acids that are required by the body, but cannot be created internally. It’s essential that you obtain this nutrient from foods like rice and nuts. L-Leucine has many roles in the body ranging from maintaining the immune system to building an essential building block of the protein structures that make up muscle. In the muscles it balances nitric oxide, supplies energy and physically making up 8% of muscle tissue. Without proper amounts of L-Leucine in your diet it can lead to a lack of endurance and mental ability during stress, a compromised immune system, an inability to create lean muscle, and many other problems.
Creatine Hydrochloride –
Creatine is a chemical that is found naturally in the body, and in some animal sources. Unlike other forms of Creatine, such as monohyrdrate, Creatine Hydrochloride retains very little water weight. The body can store large amounts of Creatine in the muscles, and the more muscle you have the more you can hold. Once you stop supplementing however, the body releases the Creatine. Creatine is most commonly supplemented by athletes to increase strength and muscle mass. Creatine is essential for protein synthesis, the primary way the body creates muscle from proteins and amino acids. Creatine is one of the oldest and most proven effective fitness supplements uses by bodybuilders, and yet one of the safest with no discernable side effect.
L-Valine is what is known as an essential branch chain amino acid, meaning that it is one of three branch chain amino acids that are required by the body, but cannot be created internally. It’s essential that you obtain this nutrient from foods like meats, dairy products and grains. Along with the other two essential BCAAs, L-Valine is used in the muscles to enhance energy, increase endurance and aid in muscle tissue recovery and repair. It’s necessary for muscle growth and nitrogen balance as well.
Glycerol is a naturally occurring colorless, odorless, sweet tasting sugar alcohol. Glycerol is found in medicines, as well as in foods and occasionally taken as a standalone supplement. Glycerol has the ability to hold onto large amounts of moisture, and due to its sweet taste and low caloric value it is often used in the production of naturally dry nutrition bars. Bodybuilders also use this product by itself to absorb water in the body before competition to reduce water weight and create a tighter, harder figure. However, this can be dangerous if the proper amount is not dosed.